Preparedness and Response Framework
Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 The purpose of the 02-28-2003 directive was to enhance the ability of the United States to manage domestic incidents by integrating prevention, preparedness, and response, and recovery plans into one all-discipline, all-hazards plan. It includes the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the National Response Framework (NRF) which integrate the capabilities and resources of government, emergency response disciplines, NGOs and the private sector.
National Response Framework (NRF) Provides the framework for Federal interaction with State, Tribal, and local governments; the private sector; and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) for prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery activities.
Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) Within the National Response Framework, the Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) provide the mechanism for coordinated Federal assistance to State, Tribal and local resources for potential or actual incidents or events.
ESF 8 – Public Health and Medical Services Provides the mechanism for coordinated Federal assistance to supplement State, Tribal, and local resources in response to health and medical emergencies.
National Incident Management System (NIMS) Provides for interoperability and compatibility among Federal, State, Tribal, and local capabilities. NIMS includes a core set of concepts, principles and terminology.
National Health Security Strategy Developed to address gaps, strengthen and sustain health and emergency response systems through a set of strategic objectives and operational capabilities.
Federal Public Health and Medical Assistance Consists of federal assets and resources to enhance response capability for the triage, treatment, and transportation of victims or persons with special medical needs; evacuation of patients; infection control; mental health screening and counseling; environmental health services; and other emergency response needs through ESF #8. Federal assets include: